Neutronsources | Scientific highlights en-us Copyright (C) SpinW3 released Release of SpinW3, an updated computational tool for simulating spin waves. Wed, 22 Mar 2017 New release of Mantid 3.9 Mantid Version 3.9.1 - patch release This release contains the long awaited ability to visualise non orthogonal crystal systems correctly in the slice viewer. Wed, 22 Mar 2017 More room for microphase separation: An extended study on binary liquids confined in SBA-15 cylindrical pores A phenomenon of microphase separation, which appears as a novel fascinating confinement effect for fully miscible binary liquids. Mon, 20 Mar 2017 Neutrons reveal quantum tunnelling on graphene enables the birth of stars For the first time ever, this study showed quantum tunnelling in these systems, allowing the H atoms bound to C atoms to explore relatively long distances at temperatures as low as those in interstitial clouds. Sun, 26 Feb 2017 Research clarifies origin of microstructures in rock found deep in the Earths crust and mantle ANSTO has collaborated on research with Macquarie University to clarify the origin of microstructures in metamorphic rock found deep in the Earths crust and mantle impacted by mineral-bearing fluids. Thu, 16 Feb 2017 Catching a glimpse at enzymes on the job: a combined time-resolved neutron scattering and fluorescence study A novel approach was developed combining time-resolved small angle neutron scattering with online-fluorescence spectroscopy in order to monitor the PAN unfoldase from the deep-sea Methanocaldococcus jannaschii organism and a Green Fluorescent Protein model substrate. Wed, 15 Feb 2017 Neutrons probe new HFC60 endofullerene produced by molecular surgery Inelastic neutron scattering, nuclear magnetic resonance spectrometry, infrared measurements, UV-spectroscopy and electrochemical studies were used to study the properties and quantum mechanics of HFC60. Fri, 20 Jan 2017 Experimental demonstration of direct path state characterisation by measuring weak values in a matter-wave interferometer A letter published in Physical Review Letters, by a group of scientists of the Atominstitut - Institute of Atomic Subatomic Physics of TU Wien Austria, after an experiment on S18 at ILL. Fri, 20 Jan 2017 Neutron diffraction probes forms of carbon dioxide in extreme environments Scientists are using neutrons to study the fundamental role carbon dioxide plays in Earths carbon cycle, especially in the composition of carbon reservoirs in the deep earth and the evolution of the carbon cycle over time. Tue, 17 Jan 2017 Biology and neutrons collide to unlock secrets of fish ear bones Scientific discovery can come from anywhere, but few researchers can say the answers to their questions would come from the pea-sized bones in the head of a six-foot-long, 200-pound prehistoric freshwater fish. Tue, 17 Jan 2017 New point of attack against stomach bacterium Helicobacter pylori There is a strong suspicion that Helicobacter pylori is linked to the development of stomach cancer. Now an international team of researchers led by Prof. Donald R. Ronning University of Toledo, USA used neutrons to unlock the secret to the functionality of an important enzyme in the bacteriums metabolism. This could be used as a point of attack for new medications. Measurements made at Oak Ridge and FRM II. Tue, 03 Jan 2017 Focused Interactions Important for Protein Dynamics The influence of interactions in high protein concentrations is extremely difficult to quantify experimentally. Neutron scattering experiments performed among other places at the J-NSE instrument at MLZ, and computer simulations carried out in Jlich have now made studies possible in physiological concentrations. Fri, 30 Dec 2016 The two dynamics of liquid water Water, a simple molecule but a complex behaviour. Neutron scattering demonstrate that there are two dynamic processes with quite different temperature dependences. A possible clue to answer open questions about low temperature liquid water. Wed, 28 Dec 2016 Towards energy-saving data storage A new material retains its special magnetic properties even at room temperature. Wed, 28 Dec 2016 Crystalline structure of ice clouds and their formation clarified Anyone who has ever looked out of the window during an intercontinental flight has probably already seen it: cirri, the ice clouds in the upper troposphere 8-12 km high look like rattled cotton. But also in the lower stratosphere 15-20 km altitude there are ice clouds, so-called polar stratospheric clouds abbr. PSCs. Fri, 16 Dec 2016 Hardening of Pb,CdTe Crystal Lattice with an Increasing CdTe Content in the Solid Solution An important increase of microhardness value for Pb,CdTe was directly confirmed by results of nanoindentation measurements performed for a few samples with various chemical composition. Fri, 16 Dec 2016 MCPL: a new format that simplifies data interchange between applications A team launched the first version of Monte Carlo Particle Lists. This new, open source format makes it simpler to interchange particle-state information data between popular Monte Carlo simulation packages, making the work of developers more efficient. Fri, 16 Dec 2016 Helping Cars Lose Weight: Improving Light Metals For Greener Vehicles In partnership with GKN Powder Metallurgy, Dalhousie University researchers are using neutron beams in studies aimed at opening up the automotive market to more products made from aluminum powdersa promising alternative to the heavier steel components used in the industry today. Thu, 15 Dec 2016 Hydrogen atom hidden and sought British scientists have elucidated the structure of a vital enzyme with the help of neutrons. This involved the presence of a hydrogen atom. Their results are now published in Nature Communications. Thu, 08 Dec 2016 Why many polymers are so fragile: A new perspective Scientists make a surprising discovery. The steepness of the temperature dependence fragility of the viscosity that is determined by chain relaxation follows the correlations at all molecular weights. Thu, 08 Dec 2016 Experimentally proved: theory is correct One week of beam time at the PUMA instrument have been enough for international research teams from Beijing and the USA to prove theoretical calculations experimentally. The results bring the global community of superconductors a good deal, because this small, but very important puzzle part has confirmed a theory. Mon, 28 Nov 2016 What if neutron scattering uses the same type of detectors used to look into space A SINE2020 team is working on developing Resistive Plate Chambers for neutron detectors. Tue, 15 Nov 2016 Improved Insight into the Structure of Lipid Membranes: Combining the Strengths of Neutron Reflectivity and Molecular Dynamics Alexandros Koutsioumpas from Forschungszentrum Jlich has studied the structure of complex lipid membranes at the neutron reflectometer MARIA. Tue, 15 Nov 2016 Neutrons before and after the 2016 Nobel Prize in Physics This article showcases work conducted at neutron sources around the globe that confirmed the predictions of the winners of the 2016 Nobel Prize in Physics or that builds upon their theories. Wed, 09 Nov 2016 Increasing Bio-Compatibility Of Medical Devices Neutron beams reveal the molecular mechanisms behind a new technology that could reduce the risk of complications and death from heart bypass surgery and dialysis. The same technology might soon help more women survive ovarian cancer. Sun, 06 Nov 2016 Neutrons Verify New Quantum State Jlich, 26 October 2016 - An international research team has proved the existence of spin-spirals in a quantum liquid. They emerge at low temperatures from the magnetic moments spins of manganese scandium thiospinel single crystals MnSc2S4. Neighbouring spins fluctuate here collectively as spirals, but when spatial distances are involved, they do not take on any particular order, just as water molecules will only form structures with neighbouring water molecules. Proof of this so-called spiral spin-liquid was achieved with the help of polarized diffuse neutron scattering on an instrument of the Jlich Centre for Neutron Science JCNS at its outstation at the Heinz Maier-Leibnitz Zentrum. Sun, 06 Nov 2016 Move Over, Lasers: Scientists Can Now Create Holograms from Neutrons, Too For the first time, a team including scientists from the National Institute of Standards and Technology NIST have used neutron beams to create holograms of large solid objects, revealing details about their interiors in ways that ordinary laser light-based visual holograms cannot. Tue, 25 Oct 2016 Webcam for battery production Mechanical engineers of the Technical University of Munich TUM have observed battery cells during their filling with the help of neutron radiography - and have learned important lessons for the production process. Wed, 19 Oct 2016 Exploring the origins of high-temperature superconductivity An international team of scientists has examined high-temperature superconductors at the instrument PANDA. Their resulsts have been published in Nature Communications. Wed, 19 Oct 2016 Physicists probe magnetic fluctuations in heavy fermions Neutron-scattering experiments explore origins of high-temp superconductivity. The results were published in the journal Nature Communications. Wed, 12 Oct 2016 New material offers stable spintronics EPFL scientists discovered a material that can produce stable skyrmions in a wide range of temperatures, making it ideal for building devices. Sat, 08 Oct 2016 Detailed molecular structure of silver nanocrystals determined Dr Alison Edwards has contributed to the characterisation of two large, complex silver nanoclusters of 136 and 374 atoms as part of an international collaboration led by researchers from Xiamen University in China. Sat, 01 Oct 2016 Clarifying the Role of Vitamin E Using neutron beams at the CNBC, scientists gather direct molecular-level evidence for the role that Vitamin E plays in the human bodya feat that has been unattainable using other experimental techniques. Sat, 01 Oct 2016 Unlocking Potential of 3D Printed Rocket Parts with Neutrons Engineers from NASAs Marshall Space Flight Center in Huntsville, Alabama, used neutrons recently to help understand the potential benefit of additive manufactured rocket engine components. Sat, 17 Sep 2016 En route to better transformers Thanks to an ultramodern research method, scientists have successfully looked inside transformers and observed the magnetic domains at work in the interior of a transformers iron core. Transformers are indispensable in regulating electricity both in industry and in domestic households. Fri, 16 Sep 2016 Order by virtual crystal field fluctuations in pyrochlore XY antiferromagnets Conclusive evidence of order by disorder is scarce in real materials. Fri, 09 Sep 2016 Underground Storage of Carbon Dioxide Safer than Expected Experiments with neutrons reveal minimal corrosion of the top layer of a naturally occurring CO2 reservoir. Fri, 09 Sep 2016 Seeing inside an ancient Australian Indigenous artefact non-invasively Nuclear techniques have allowed archaeologists to see into an embedded section of an ancient Australian Indigenous stone artefact non-invasivelysuggesting important information about its origin and use. Sat, 03 Sep 2016 The deuteron too poses a mystery The deuteron - just like the proton - is smaller than previously thought. Fri, 26 Aug 2016 Software TAKIN makes scientists life easier According to Wikipedia, a TAKIN is a goat-like mammal in Asia. Quite different at FRM II: here it is a new and extremely useful software that Tobias Weber, Robert Georgii and Prof. Peter Bni of the MIRA group developed specifically for working with three-axis spectrometers. Mon, 22 Aug 2016 Neutrons observe the effects of Alzheimers peptides Using neutrons, scientists have revealed a possible cause of Alzheimers disease. Sat, 20 Aug 2016 Self-assembly of monodisperse versus bidisperse polymer-grafted nanoparticles Results show that reducing the inter-nanoparticles attractions gives rise to a much richer ensemble of nanoparticles self-assemblies, apparently with a smaller influence from kinetic traps or barriers. Sat, 20 Aug 2016 Pelican instrument provides crucial experimental evidence of unusual quantum state Inelastic neutron scattering experiments at ANSTO found a possible new quantum spin state in a novel antiferromagnetic material barium ytterbium zinc oxide which provides both a challenge and validation of the third law of thermodynamics. Fri, 19 Aug 2016 Novel state of matter: Observation of a quantum spin liquid A novel and rare state of matter known as a quantum spin liquid has been empirically demonstrated in a monocrystal of the compound calcium-chromium oxide by team at HZB, which was previously thought impossible. Fri, 19 Aug 2016 Neutron diffraction studies reveal origins of deterioration in lithium batteries Researchers use diffraction data from pulsed high-intensity neutrons to understand the reactions that deteriorate lithium batteries during operation. Tue, 09 Aug 2016 Reducing Rework and Scrap Costs in the Production of Airplane Parts Aircraft manufacturers sponsor researchers who are using stress data from the Canadian Neutron Beam Centre to evaluate methods of preventing distortion in thin aluminum parts. Tue, 09 Aug 2016 Competing coexisting phases in two-dimensional water Scientists experimentally realized two-dimensional water by crafting the water molecules onto a hydrophilic surface with distances between the water molecules compatible with hydrogen bond formation. Thu, 04 Aug 2016 True change of symmetry or ricochet The combination of the neutron diffraction techniques and the software program Umweg at MLZ is a big step forward to improve neutron studies on many highlighting materials, in order to answer the often difficult question of their real symmetry. Thu, 04 Aug 2016 Neutron reflectivity gives insight to the role of the N-terminal sequence in Alzheimers B-amyloid peptide assembly Neutron reflectometry experiments revealed the existence and extent of the interaction between A peptides and a lone customised biomimetic membrane, and their dependence on the aggregation state of the peptide. Tue, 31 May 2016 New Drug Carrier Delivers Cancer Medication with Better Control Research published in Nature combining neutron scattering with other techniques strengthens understanding of the delivery of cancer drugs. Sun, 29 May 2016 Reversed symmetry Two research teams have studied the new class of iron-based superconductors at the MLZ and independently came to the same surprising result: the superconducting Cooper pairs change their symmetry. Tue, 24 May 2016 Nuclear techniques reveal inner structure of iron meteorities non-invasively Neutron computer tomography on the Dingo instrument has produced three dimensional video of ron meteorites. Tue, 24 May 2016 Enhancing the Reliability of Retrofitted Utility Vehicles Following research at CNBC, Nor-Mar Industries has received approval for, and successfully implemented changes to, welding protocols to deliver premium-quality products. Mon, 23 May 2016 Tunneling of Cooper pairs The magnetic properties of thin film systems with superconducting and ferromagnetic states and an isolating layer in between were never studied before. Wed, 18 May 2016 Better packaging could make drugs easier on patients An international research team has discovered the mechanism by which a pharmaceutical excipient from the class of block copolymers improves the solubility of large quantities of a poorly water-soluble active substance. The results form the basis for the development of a drug delivery system better tolerated by the human body. Sat, 14 May 2016 Neutrons could discover the key to next generation HIV drugs Scientists have used neutron crystallography to determine the structures of HIV-1 proteasedrug complexes, providing key details of hydrogen-bonding interactions in the active-site and revealing a pH-induced proton hopping mechanism that guides HIV-1 protease activity. Thu, 12 May 2016 Predicting the Reliability of Turbine Runners in Hydro Power Plants Hydro-Qubec is using stress data from the Canadian Neutron Beam Centre CNBC to improve electricity generation from hydroelectric dams. Fri, 06 May 2016 Polymer chain behavior in polymer nanocomposites with attractive interactions Chain behavior has been determined in polymer nanocomposites comprised of well-dispersed 12nm diameter silica nanoparticles in polymethyl methacrylate PMMA matrices by Small-Angle Neutron Scattering measurements under the Zero Average Contrast condition. Tue, 03 May 2016 Novel catalyst achieves record-high yields of biofuel Scientists have designed a novel catalyst that overcomes the challenge of breaking down complex plant components to produce some of the highest yields of biofuel. The results bring us one step closer to lessening our dependence on fossil fuels, and are an important development in our shift towards renewable energy. Tue, 03 May 2016 Neutrons save cultural heritage from the Iron Age Scientists have examined a method to preserve artifacts more closely by Prompt Gamma Activation Analysis to find the optimal conditions for preservation. Mon, 02 May 2016 Fuel Cells: Polymers, platinum and a poster prize Results show that one can examine details of the operation of fuel cells with neutron scattering and thus promote the optimisation of the individual components of the fuel cell for a longer life and better efficiency. Sat, 30 Apr 2016 Applications of Neutron Scattering in Catalysis A publication in the journal Johnson Matthey Technology Review explains how and why neutron scattering may be a useful technique to investigate catalysis. Thu, 28 Apr 2016 One step closer to finding the spin nematic Neutron scattering at ANSTO has contributed to building evidence for the existence of a highly exotic and elusive state of matter, known as a magnetic spin nematic phase in a natural mineral called linarite. Thu, 28 Apr 2016 ORNL neutron splashes reveal signature of exotic particles Researchers at the Department of Energys Oak Ridge National Laboratory used neutrons to uncover novel behavior in materials that holds promise for quantum computing. Fri, 22 Apr 2016 Observation of magnetic fragmentation in spin ice Spin ice is an unusual magnetic material in which the combination of strong local Ising anisotropy and ferromagnetic interactions imposes a local constraint to the magnetic moments, the ice-rule. We have observed magnetic fragmentation in a recently discovered material, the spin ice candidate Nd2Zr2O7, by means of neutron scattering measurements. Wed, 20 Apr 2016 Cellular Light Switch Analysed Using Neutron Scattering The internal movements of proteins can be important for their functionality. With the aid of neutron spectroscopy, scientists detected dynamic processes in so-called LOV photoreceptors. The results highlight the immense potential of neutron scattering experiments for the analysis of cellular processes. Thu, 24 Mar 2016 New stopped-flow observation head for simpler and cheaper SANS experiments A team of scientists and technicians designed a more efficient stopped-flow observation head that can make SANS experiments easier and more efficient to conduct. Watch our new video to know all about it Thu, 17 Mar 2016 The survey of copper selenate The combination of different neutron methods allowed measuring the complete spectrum of magnetic excitations. Mon, 07 Mar 2016 Solving the Mystery Flask: A Forensic Challenge To Reduce Nuclear Liabilities The CNBC is enhancing its neutron imaging capabilities to see inside concealed objects. Identifying unknown radioactive material reduced the cost of a long-term waste management liability for the Government of Canada and demonstrated new capabilities. Mon, 29 Feb 2016 Led by France, Italy and the UK, ESS is Pushing Accelerator Technology to its Limits In the final and major stages of acceleration before contact with the Target, the proton beam energy of the ESS Accelerator will reach 2.0 GeV, making it the most powerful linear proton accelerator ever built. Frances national Atomic and Alternative Energies Commission, CEA, is guiding the design, production and testing of the superconducting radio-frequency elliptical cryomodules that make this possible. Thu, 18 Feb 2016 New Release of Mantid 3.6, February 2016 This release contains the long awaited support to handle the differing Crystallography convention kf-ki and inelastic convention ki-kf for representing HKL and Q space data. Tue, 16 Feb 2016 New video: A new pressure cell for SANS experiments up to 500MPa In a new video you can learn of a new pressure cell that makes it easier to conduct SANS experiments at 500 MPa. Mon, 15 Feb 2016 The Intensity Frontier: Developing World Class Detectors Using Boron The first attempts to use boron-10 for neutron detection were made in the 1970s. Due to the high neutron flux expected at ESS and the economics of the helium-3 crisis, boron is experiencing a comeback. EU support through the BrightnESS project is delivering critical results for the development of such detectors at the European Spallation Source. Thu, 11 Feb 2016 Step-by-step to a neutron experiment with bio matter Watch this new video where scientists explain us the steps taken before conducting a neutron experiment on biological samples. Fri, 05 Feb 2016 Big progress in the production of model biological membranes An NMI3 JRA has made significant progress in the production of biological membranes that can be used for structural and dynamic characterisations. Thu, 28 Jan 2016 Neutron Beams Inform Lawsuit Following a Residential Fire with a Natural Gas Explosion When a gas explosion occurs in a home, analyzing evidence and determining the chain of events leading up to the explosion can be critical to resolving a lawsuit. If the provider is found to be at fault, injured parties can be awarded hundreds of thousands or even millions of dollars. Wed, 27 Jan 2016 Revealing Change Over Time, FREIA Brings Fast Kinetic Studies to Reflectometry Researchers from the European Spallation Source and Denmark refine reflectometry concepts for fast kinetic studies of thin films and other advanced materials. Wed, 20 Jan 2016 Neutrons reveal distribution of flux-tube islands In type II superconductors thin channels, flux tubes, are formed. The magnetic field is guided through these tubes while the rest of the material remains field-free and superconducting. In the metal niobium, the flux tubes bunch together into small islands that create complex patterns. Researchers were the first to conduct neutron experiments to study these structures in niobium and determine the distribution of the islands in detail. Thu, 14 Jan 2016 Cholesterol levels affect our bodys capacity to receive medicines Researchers investigated how cholesterol levels influence drug delivery. The results vary depending on the type of drug tested. Tue, 12 Jan 2016 Neutrons offer guide to getting more out of solid-state lithium-ion batteries Although they dont currently have as much conductivity, solid-state electrolytes designed for lithium-ion batteries LIBs are emerging as a safer alternative to their more prevalentsometimes flammableliquid-electrolyte counterparts. Fri, 08 Jan 2016 SasView 3.1.2 - please upgrade A new update of SasView, version 3.1.2, has just been released. It is recommended that all users of SasView upgrade. Thu, 10 Dec 2015 Detecting hidden patterns on ancient swords Hidden Damascus patterns in the steel used to make ancient Indo-Persian swords and daggers are being uncovered by collaborators from Londons Wallace Collection and CNR, Italy, during neutron diffraction experiments at ISIS. This work gives insight into the quality of the blades as well as helping curators identify Damascus steel. Wed, 02 Dec 2015 Perpetual youth for batteries Neutrons explain aging process in lithium ion batteries A key issue with lithium ion batteries is aging. It significantly reduces their potential storage capacity. To date, very little is known about the causes of the aging effects. Scientists now came a step closer to identifying the causes in their latest experiments. Thu, 19 Nov 2015 Developing new forensic techniques with the help of neutrons New forensic techniques to help with the positive identification of unknown victims based on their burned skeletal remains are being developed by bone experts working beside neutron scientists. Mon, 16 Nov 2015 New Multi-MHz KWS-2 Detector Improves Count Rate by a Factor of 25 The new detection system is characterized by a dead-time constant of 25ns and a count rate as high as 5MHz at 10 dead-time. Compared to the old detector, this means an improvement of factor 25. Fri, 13 Nov 2015 Neutrons Unlock the Hidden-Order State of Frustrated Magnets Magnetism. Over the last 60 years neutron scattering has provided the breakthroughs necessary to understand the atomic-level ordering of magnetic materials. The latest discovery of these hidden orders has recently been published in the journal Science and suggests the potential for neutron scattering to reveal much more. Thu, 12 Nov 2015 Ring-Shaped Probes Improve Predictions of Polymer Dynamics Researchers have found a much easier and more accurate way of investigating the often decisive lateral deflection of molecules. Tue, 20 Oct 2015 CNRS and ESS Advance a New Standard for Linac Design Spoke Cavity Prototypes Exceed Expectations. An important test result was achieved this summer at the accelerator lab of the French Institute of Nuclear Physics, IPN-Orsay. The finding is important to linac development worldwide, but of particular importance to the ESS Accelerator currently under civil construction in Sweden and in technical development across Europe. Wed, 07 Oct 2015 New method will enable most accurate neutron measurement yet Our universe consists of significantly more matter than existing theories are able to explain. One way to clarify this discrepancy is via the neutrons so-called electric dipole moment. In an international collaboration, researchers at PSI have now devised a new method which will help determine this dipole moment more accurately than ever before. Fri, 02 Oct 2015 Water pathways make fuel cells more efficient Researchers from the Paul Scherrer Institute PSI have developed a coating technique in the laboratory conditions that could raise the efficiency of fuel cells. The PSI scientists have already applied to patent the technique, which is suitable for mass production. Wed, 23 Sep 2015 Discovery of controllable skyrmions can unlock future computing Scientists have discovered skyrmions in the very material class they were originally predicted. These strange quasiparticles can be controlled with electrical fields, which can be used in futuristic memory storage. Mon, 07 Sep 2015 Larger Crystals a Step Forward for Bioscience and ESS User Program The first successful user experiment at ESS demonstrates the importance of neutrons to the life sciences, and shows the way forward for ESS as a user facility. Mon, 31 Aug 2015 Neutrons decrypt the dynamics of magnetic helices Seen from outside Manganese silicon shows no magnetism, inside it looks different. By neutron scattering TU scientists have now proven the excitations of its magnetic helix. Fri, 28 Aug 2015 Applying nuclear expertise to solve the auto industrys challenges Application of neutron beams for automative applications at the Canadian Neutron Beam Centre. Wed, 26 Aug 2015 VITESS 3.3 released The version 3.3 of the simulation package VITESS has been released. Mon, 17 Aug 2015 New Drug Carrier Aims to Treat Secondary Tumours of Breast Cancer Neutron scattering provides insight into the structure of magnetic nanoparticles and dynamic behaviour of encapsulated cancer drugs. Fri, 14 Aug 2015 Recipe Book for Colloids New Study shows Correlation between Microscopic Structures and Macroscopic Properties. Fri, 14 Aug 2015 Brilliantly combined, Mr. Holmes: Neutron Crystallography for biology In combination with other methods of investigation, scientists have recently achieved amazing results with the instrument BIODIFF at MLZ. Fri, 14 Aug 2015 BIFROST: A Prismatic Approach to Neutron Spectroscopy Swiss-Danish team to build a pioneering crystal analyser spectrometer optimised to study dynamics in quantum materials and matter under extreme conditions. Wed, 12 Aug 2015 New brochure on Neutrons and energy The ILL has just published a brochure on how experiments with neutrons are enabling responsible and sustainable power generation, storage and use. Tue, 04 Aug 2015 Neutrons find missing magnetism of plutonium Groundbreaking work at two Department of Energy national laboratories has confirmed plutoniums magnetism, which scientists have long theorized but have never been able to experimentally observe. Fri, 10 Jul 2015 New type of radiofrequency spin flippers for Neutron Resonance Spin Echo The Advanced Methods and Techniques JRA has developed a new type of RFSF to enhance NRSE spectrometers. Thu, 09 Jul 2015 How to probe tiny samples Insights into the production of micron-sized cold neutron beams The NMI3 Imaging JRA discusses how to produce smaller beams. They conclude that reflective optics offers the most versatile way to produce them. Thu, 09 Jul 2015 Precipitating Sodium Dodecyl Sulfate to Create Ultrastable and Stimulable Foams The ageing of the foams could be stopped to make them stable indefinitely, or until they were heated above the melting temperature of the crystals. Wed, 08 Jul 2015 Crystal structure and magnetism new insight into the fundamentals of solid state physics HZB team decodes relationship between magnetic interactions and the distortions in crystal structure within a geometrically frustrated spinel system Mon, 06 Jul 2015 Dispersionless Spin Waves Provide Clues to Enigmatic Magnetic Ordering in Garnet Crystals Neutron measurements reveal key dynamic properties of magnetic structure in unique experimental study. Thu, 02 Jul 2015 Using neutrons to show weak spots in turbines, railway lines and pipes From pipes to power station turbines and railway lines, ensuring that engineering components perform under pressure can save lives. Wed, 24 Jun 2015 Neutron scattering helping conserve the worlds great historic monuments ANSTO research may help preserve some of the worlds most important historic artefacts and buildings. Fri, 19 Jun 2015 Progress on Bilby Great progress made in the commissioning of the new Bilby time-of-flight small-angle scattering instrument in ANSTO. Tue, 16 Jun 2015 Effects of Hfq on the conformation and compaction of DNA Scientists find that Hfq forms a nucleoprotein complex, changes the mechanical properties of the double helix and compacts DNA into a condensed form. Tue, 05 May 2015 How to optimise multi-channel neutron focusing guides for extreme sample environments NMI3 collaboration works on simulations to find the best possible guide for experiments at low temperatures and high magnetic fields. Mon, 27 Apr 2015 Neutrons unveil a promising alternative for natural gas storage and transportation Thanks to NMI3 support, for the first time researchers create artificial methane hydrates in just a few minutes. Thu, 02 Apr 2015 Superstructure for Heusler alloy at MLZ discovered Scientists conducted an experiment with the instrument SPODI at MLZ to determine the structure of shape memory alloys of nickel-manganese-indium. Thu, 26 Mar 2015 New regime in polyelectrolyte solutions We describe a new regime in dense polymer solutions, typically above 1molL, where q is proportional to the concentration c of the solution. Fri, 20 Mar 2015 Neutrons and X-rays show how to prepare durable tooth cement Researchers are working on an interdisciplinary collaboration between physicists and dentists to develop a material comprised of glass ionomer cement. Fri, 13 Mar 2015 SANS: a unique technique to look inside plants leaves Small-angle neutron scattering enabled researchers to look inside intact leaves to learn how their structure and functions change when submitted to environmental changes. Wed, 11 Mar 2015 Unprecedented neutron images of refrigerant flow through heat exchangers Researchers used additive manufacturing and neutron imaging to examine microchannel heat exchangers, which hold refrigerants used to move thermal energy and provide cooling or heating in many applications. Tue, 10 Mar 2015 New Materials Discovered to Detect Neutrons Emitted by Radioactive Materials Researchers successfully shown that boron-coated vitreous carbon foam can be used in the detection of neutrons emitted by radioactive materials of critical importance to homeland security. Wed, 04 Mar 2015 Residual stresses comparison determined by short-wavelength X-ray diffraction and neutron diffraction for 7075 aluminum alloy. A novel non-destructive method using short-wavelength characteristic X-ray diffraction meter with the X-ray tube of tungsten anode target to determine the RS within the materials is developed in China. Sat, 28 Feb 2015 Neutrons Provide New Explanations for Side Effects of Ibuprofen The scientists were able to detect structural changes using a model system of phospholipids from soy plants with the help of neutron scattering techniques at the Heinz Maier-Leibnitz Zentrum in Garching near Munich. Fri, 27 Feb 2015 Neutron analysis of human teeth could assist in the fight against dental erosion A new study carried out at the Institut Laue-Langevin in collaboration with researchers at the Lyons-University based Hospices Civils de Lyon has determined the most accurate microstructure ever obtained of human enamel. Mon, 23 Feb 2015 Transparency through structural disorder: A new concept for innovative transparent ceramics New concept to achieve ultimate transparency reaches 90 transmittance. This innovative method should drive the development of new highly transparent materials with technologically relevant applications. Wed, 11 Feb 2015 News from battery research At MLZ several groups work on battery research to gain a better understanding of how batteries work by various neutron methods. Two new papers were published recently. Mon, 09 Feb 2015 On the way to a lower enriched fuel Hsin-Yin Chiang of MLZ has explored the development of a new fuel with lower enrichment. Uranium-molybdenum UMo embedded in an aluminum matrix is a promising candidate. Tue, 03 Feb 2015 Egyptian statuettes of Osiris: production unveiled by neutrons and laser A group of scientists from Italy, Germany and the United Kingdom applied an innovative approach to study Egyptian copper alloy figurines. Fri, 30 Jan 2015 Phase Separation and Nanodomain Formation in Hybrid Polymer Lipid Vesicles For the first time in hybrid vesicles, scientists obtained evidence for phase separation at the nanoscale, leading to the formation of stable nanodomains enriched either in lipid or polymer. Tue, 27 Jan 2015 From ash to eco-friendly solution for hazardous metals removal Scientists suggest a new method to transform power plant ash into materials that could be used for nuclear waste treatment or soil remediation. Mon, 19 Jan 2015 How to make train rails as straight as they should be Scientists combine three different methods to better understand and predict the behaviour of materials in rails. Mon, 19 Jan 2015 Seeing Hydrogen Atoms to Unveil Enzyme Catalysis Researchers have used the new IMAGINE instrument at HFIR to map an enzyme that could play an important role in anti-cancer drug development. Wed, 07 Jan 2015 New model for magnetic excitations in insulators Measurements at the three axes spectrometer PUMA at MLZ have now been published in the renowned journal Nature Communications. Tue, 23 Dec 2014 Add-on for MEDAPP: Fast Neutron Gamma Spectrometry FaNGaS Dr. Matthias Rossbach and his team designed and constructed a new instrument for prompt and delayed fission neutron induced reaction Gamma spectrometry. Fri, 12 Dec 2014 The cork viewed from the inside Neutron radiography of corks Wed, 10 Dec 2014 How long do antiparticles live in gummy bears Measurements using positrons could help to develop better coatings for drugs. Wed, 03 Dec 2014 Biosensors will benefit from new method to produce membranes NMI3 collaboration has taken a significant step in the production of biological membranes. Mon, 01 Dec 2014 Looking millions of years back with neutrons: the hearing of the Kawingasaurus fossilis Lets travel back in time and imagine how life on earth was before the biggest mass extinction. Thanks to NMI3 a scientist used neutrons to investigate the mechanisms through which the K. fossilis could hear. Tue, 28 Oct 2014 IGERT Study Makes Editors Choice What is the detailed atomic interaction of water with the lipid membrane and what affect do different types of lipids have on that interaction Tue, 28 Oct 2014 Act in Concert: PANDA complements PUMA Research paper shows a good example of where experiments both at PANDA and PUMA at the FRM II equally contribute to a common research. Fri, 10 Oct 2014 Rare baby rattle molecules reveal new quantum properties of H2O and H2 Neutron scattering experiments at the ILL have revealed the existence of quantum selection rules in molecules, the first experimental confirmation of its kind. Fri, 10 Oct 2014 Good results obtained with a novel technology to produce large-scale neutron converters NMI3 supports a European collaboration to develop an atmospheric plasma deposition system to produce Boron-10 layers. You can watch the video Mon, 08 Sep 2014 Researchers observe the phenomenon of lithium plating Lithium-ion batteries are seen as a solution for energy storage of the future. Their key advantage is that they can store large amounts of energy but are light and compact. Wed, 03 Sep 2014 Residual Stresses Comparison Determined by Short-Wavelength X-Ray Diffraction and Neutron Diffraction for 7075 Aluminum Alloy A paper reveals the RS distribution in a 20 mm thick plate of 7075 Al alloy. Wed, 03 Sep 2014 Neutrons shed light on how to make pregnancy tests more sensitive and cheaper Thanks to neutrons, scientists could investigate the interaction between antibody and antigens and the importance of a blocking protein, present in home pregnancy tests. Tue, 02 Sep 2014 Quenched microemulsions: a new route to proton conductors Results demonstrate the potential of such self-assembled materials for the design of bulk proton conductors. Thu, 07 Aug 2014 Refocusing research into high-temperature superconductors Neutron scattering experiment at PUMA resolves a contentious superconducting issue. Fri, 01 Aug 2014 Neutron Tomography technique reveals phase fractions of crystalline materials in 3-Dimensions Researchers developed a novel method, based on energy-selective neutron imaging for visualization of crystalline phase distributions within the bulk of metallic samples. Thu, 31 Jul 2014 Nature Milestones in Crystallography Right on time for the International Year of Crystallography, Nature Milestones special issue on crystallography is now out. Mon, 21 Jul 2014 New humidity chamber will shed light on processes behind Alzheimers disease A new humidity chamber will be used for neutron scattering experiments to reproduce the human body conditions in order to shed light on biological processes such as the development of Alzheimers disease. Fri, 18 Jul 2014 Mantid - Release Notes 3.2 The beta test period for version 3.2 has now closed and the software has been release on the 11th of July. Fri, 11 Jul 2014 Freeze-frame of an enzyme Neutrons shed light on vital enzymes mechanism of action. Thu, 10 Jul 2014 Neutron crystallography solves long-standing biological mystery A team of researchers have solved a long-standing mystery in biology by identifying the structure of a vital enzyme intermediate. The debate boils down to something as simple as a hydrogen atom: is it there, or not Thu, 10 Jul 2014 Strain scanning from the surface into the bulk Scientists develop a new analytical model to suppress undesirable surface effect. Tue, 01 Jul 2014 Cellulose Nanofibril-Based Multilayered Thin Films: Effect of Ionic Strength on Porosity, Swelling, and Optical Properties Results show that the synthetic polyallylamine hydrochloride PAH conformation is a determining factor not only for film growth but also for structural properties. Mon, 30 Jun 2014 Ice in fuel cells imaged directly for the first time Researchers from the Paul Scherrer Institute PSI have succeeded in imaging the distribution of frozen and liquid water in a hydrogen fuel cell directly for the first time. Mon, 16 Jun 2014 New version of SasView v3.0.0 of the popular SasView model-fitting software has just been released for Windows 32 bit, Red Hat Enterprise Linux 6 64 bit and Mac OSX. Wed, 11 Jun 2014 Appscintech Granted GS20 Trademark Applied Scintillation Technologies Ltd Appscintech is pleased to announce it has been granted European and American trademarks for its 6Li doped cerium aluminosilicate thermal neutron glass: GS20. Tue, 10 Jun 2014 Solution Epitaxial Growth of Cobalt Nanowires on Crystalline Substrates for Data Storage Densities beyond 1 Tbitin2 The generalization of this method to other materials opens new perspectives toward many applications. Thu, 05 Jun 2014 New insight into photosynthesis New findings challenge widely accepted views of how algae respond to light where the light harvesting proteins were thought to move around the membranes. Mon, 26 May 2014 New Light Shed on Chameleon Proteins Findings of Jlich researchers reveal the power play in myelin basic protein and revolutionize prevailing assumptions about the biomolecular functioning of this key element of the central nervous. Wed, 21 May 2014 First experiment on Imagine Imagine is the new cold neutron imaging station at the LLB. One on the first experiments done on this station investigated the Quality grading of cork stoppers: amount of defects inside the material. Tue, 20 May 2014 Beyond Graphene The team of Prof. D. Schlter ETHZ pushes for a mild and facile and rational approach to the synthesis of new 2-D materials using specially-designed monomers to control internal pattern. Fri, 16 May 2014 Neutron Death Mystery Has Physicists Stymied Conflicting results in measurements of how long neutrons live has physicists rethinking their experiments, because solving the riddle may point the way to exotic new physics Tue, 13 May 2014 Simultaneous Differential Scanning Calorimetry and Small-Angle Neutron Scattering An experiment demonstrates the ability to conduct, for the first time, simultaneous SANS and DSC measurements. Mon, 28 Apr 2014 Using antineutrinos to monitor nuclear reactors In the future, antineutrino detectors may provide an additional option for monitoring. Physicists at Technische Universitaet Muenchen have now found interesting results using fast neutrons from MLZ. Thu, 24 Apr 2014 Vibrational density of states and elastic properties of cross-linked polymers: combining inelastic light and neutron scattering The vibrational dynamics of a new class of cross-linked polymers made up of cyclodextrins was investigated in the microscopic range by the joint use of light and inelastic neutron scattering experiments. Sat, 19 Apr 2014 Searching for Dark Energy with Neutrons First results from a low energy, table top alternative takes validity of Newtonian gravity down by five orders of magnitude and narrows the potential properties of the forces and particles that may exist beyond it by more than one hundred thousand times. Thu, 17 Apr 2014 Rethinking soil science Carbon dioxide in the atmosphere may get the lions share of attention in climate change discussions, but the biggest repository of carbon is actually underfoot. Mon, 07 Apr 2014 Neutrons help visualising materials: new video of the Imaging JRA Nikolay Kardjilov from the Helmholtz-Zentrum Berlin tells about the aims of the groups involved in the NMI3 Imaging Joint Research Activity. Mon, 07 Apr 2014 Quantum melting By performing neutron-scattering measurements, scientists could observe what happens during a quantum phase transition, and compare the quantum melting of the magnetic structure with the thermal melting phase transition. Sun, 06 Apr 2014 Application of a Polarized Neutron Microbeam to the Investigation of a Magnetic Microstructure The application of a neutron microbeam to the investigation of an internal magnetic microstructure has been demonstrated experimentally. Mon, 31 Mar 2014 Improving neutron scattering data quality: a multi-angle light scattering setup In an experiment the sample might degrade and produce questionable results. In a video, researchers explain their work on a set up to control the sample quality along time. Tue, 25 Mar 2014 DiffPy-CMI - new software suite for structure modeling from diffraction data The first public release of our DiffPy Complex Modeling Initiative DiffPy-CMI project has just been announced. Tue, 25 Mar 2014 To broaden research possibilities: a new pressure cell Henrich Frielinghaus and Marie-Sousai Appavou from the JCNS-MLZ are developing a new pressure cell. This work, which is funded by NMI3, will broaden the research possibilities in several scientific fields. Wed, 26 Feb 2014 VITESS - new version available The VITESS team is happy to announce that there is a new version of the neutron simulation software VITESS available for download. Wed, 26 Feb 2014 Toward New Precision in Measuring the Neutron Lifetime A team of scientists achieved a five-fold reduction in the dominant uncertainty in an experiment that measured the mean lifetime of the free neutron, resulting in a substantial improvement of previous results. Fri, 21 Feb 2014 An order of magnitude increase in moderator cold neutron brightness might offer unprecedented performance for neutron scattering experiments A design optimization study by a team of the European Spallation Source. Wed, 19 Feb 2014 Atomic structure and magnetic properties of FeNbB metallic glasses A team of researchers reveal the similarities and differences in the local structure of the FeNbB glasses and their crystalline counterparts. Wed, 19 Feb 2014 Nearly Everyone Uses Piezoelectrics. Be Nice to Know How They Work. Researchers believe theyve learned why one of the main classes of these materials, known as relaxors, behaves in distinctly different ways from the rest and exhibit the largest piezoelectric effect. Wed, 29 Jan 2014 On the way to more efficient boron-10 detectors A team in CEA Saclay is working on a new detector that uses boron-10 instead of helium-3. Tue, 28 Jan 2014 Update on the advanced neutron tools for soft and bio-materials JRA Annie Brlet, the coordinator of this Joint Research Activity, told us about this collaborations main goals and achievements. Wed, 08 Jan 2014 Superconductivity switched on by magnetic field Physicists at the Paul Scherrer Institute have now demonstrated that a novel superconducting state is only created in the material CeCoIn5 when there are strong external magnetic fields. Sun, 22 Dec 2013 Chromonic-like physical luminescent gels formed by ionic octahedral iridiumIII complexes in diluted water solutions Scientists report the first example of spontaneous self-assembly of ionic octahedral IrIII complexes containing carboxylates counterions into luminescent ordered aqueous gel phases. Tue, 17 Dec 2013 Group dynamics of atoms For the first time Prof. Dr. Tobias Unruh and his team have demonstrated with neutrons how long-chain molecules in their liquid melt move. Mon, 09 Dec 2013 Neutrons provide insight into water bonding of cement Researchers have obtained new insights into the bonding of water by using neutrons on the instrument TOFTOF of the MLZ. Fri, 29 Nov 2013 ISIS oils the wheels in the study of lubricant additives Scientists have used neutron reflectometry to look at lubricant additives and their interactions with iron, a common engineering material, to discover how these molecules function. Wed, 27 Nov 2013 Researchers suggest an enhanced method for the study of biological membranes The analysis of cholesterol and lipids transfer shows the advantages of combining the methods of RSE and vesicle fusion to prepare tBLMs solid-supported membrane models. Mon, 25 Nov 2013 Where and how do plant roots take up water Have you ever eaten lupins They are a common snack in Mediterranean countries. Learn where and how the roots of these plants take water from the soil. Fri, 22 Nov 2013 ORNL study uses neutron scattering, supercomputing to demystify forces at play in biofuel production Researchers studying more effective ways to convert woody plant matter into biofuels at ORNL have identified fundamental forces that change plant structures during pretreatment processes used in the production of bioenergy. Wed, 13 Nov 2013 New book on Small-Angle Scattering coming soon Particle and Particle Systems Characterization: Small-Angle Scattering Applications Mon, 11 Nov 2013 Lifetime of magnetic spin waves in antiferromagnets understood for the first time Using high resolution neutron scattering at the instrument TRISP of the Max-Planck Society at MLZ, the lifetime of magnetic spin waves was measured and for the first time a correct theory was developed. Wed, 06 Nov 2013 Polymersome shape transformation at the nanoscale Polymer vesicles, also named polymersomes, are valuable candidates for drug delivery and micro- or nanoreactor applications. Fri, 25 Oct 2013 Stronger, greener cement could make for maintenance-free building materials Studies at ISIS have shown that adding ash generated as waste from sugar production could make cement stronger, able to withstand higher pressure, and less likely to crumble. Tue, 08 Oct 2013 New kind of microscope uses neutrons Device could open up new areas of research on materials and biological samples at tiny scales. Fri, 04 Oct 2013 Exploring alternative technologies for neutron detectors As part of the NMI3-II Detectors JRA, scientists at the BNC explore alternatives to Helium-3 so that neutron detectors can become more efficient and provide better data. Tue, 01 Oct 2013 Neutrons show accumulation of antidepressant in brain Experiments at the Technical University of Munich show that the antidepressant lithium accumulates more strongly in white matter of the brain than in grey matter. Fri, 27 Sep 2013 Towards sodium ion batteries understanding sodium dynamics on a microscopic level For the first time, scientists at the Paul Scherrer Institute PSI have determined the paths along which sodium ions move in a prospective battery material. Thu, 26 Sep 2013 High-temperature ionic-conducting material: advanced structure and improved performance Very promising results were obtained considering the PEMFC applications. Thu, 19 Sep 2013 NMI3: European research in Garching MLZ contributes with a range of methods and components to the NMI3s joint research activities. Mon, 09 Sep 2013 LiveDVD for testinginstalling software July 2013 The Data Analysis WP and the Computing for Science group at the ILL provide a ready to run LiveDVD that includes a set of neutron scattering software. Mon, 09 Sep 2013 Educational Material We have now a new section with Educational Material Fri, 06 Sep 2013 Neutrons and synchrotron light help unlock Bronze Age techniques Experiments conducted at the PSI have made it possible to determine how a unique Bronze Age axe was made. Fri, 30 Aug 2013 All Down to Neutron Research: Novel Paint Brush Cleaner Works Without Solvents Scientists from Forschungszentrum Jlich have developed an innovative paint brush cleaner, which works without solvents. Thu, 08 Aug 2013 Neutrons reveal mechanism of bacterial antibiotic resistance More and more bacteria are becoming resistant to antibiotics thus making these drugs useless. The understanding of this mechanism could help develop new antibiotics. Tue, 06 Aug 2013 Ferromagnetic and antiferromagnetic at the same time Researchers from the Paul Scherrer Institute PSI have made thin, crystalline layers of the material LuMnO3 that are both ferromagnetic and antiferromagnetic. Mon, 22 Jul 2013 Unexpected behaviour during charge and discharge of Li-ion batteries For the economic efficiency of electric vehicles a deeper understanding of the mechanisms of lithium intercalation into the electrode materials during charge and discharge will be advantageous. Wed, 03 Jul 2013 New fluorescent fingerprint tag aims to increase IDs from hidden fingerprints on bullets and knives Neutron scattering at ILL and ISIS delves inside new crime scene forensics technique developed by the University of Leicester. Research to address the fact that only 10 of fingerprints taken from crime scenes yield identifications that are usable in court. Wed, 03 Jul 2013 Penetrating the quantum nature of magnetism ILL Scientists have for the very first time given a complete description of a one-dimensional spin-12 Heisenberg antiferromagnet. Sun, 16 Jun 2013 NMI3s Joint Research Activities The Joint Research Activities JRAs supported by NMI3-I have brought experts together from facilities across Europe to develop new techniques and instrumentation for neutron and muon research. Tue, 11 Jun 2013 Investigating a new material for lithium rechargeable batteries The existence of the protonated hexatitanate H2Ti6O13 was only very recently demonstrated, even though only a partial characterisation has been accomplished. Our analysis of data from synchrotron and neutron powder diffraction, combined with IR spectroscopy data, provided us with a precise determination of the crystal structure, thus shedding light on the electrochemical properties of the material and the charge and discharge processes. H2Ti6O13 finally revealed itself to be an interesting material for rechargeable lithium batteries. Mon, 10 Jun 2013 Healthy diet Using neutrons to quantify selenium in cereal crops Selenium Se is an essential micronutrient for human health, protecting, for example, against cardiovascular disease, male sterility and certain forms of cancer. Even though it is a common nutrient e.g. in cereals, it is lacking in the diet of at least 1 billion people around the globe. The few available data indicate that Portugal is one of the countries concerned. A research project taking place in Portugal aims to assess the levels of Se in the countrys cereals and soils. Fri, 07 Jun 2013 Neutrons reveal potential dangers of gold nanoparticles Scientists working at the Institut Laue-Langevin have shown that the charge of gold nanoparticles, identified by major pharmaceutical companies as a drug delivery agent of the future for the treatment of cancer, affects how they interact with our cells protective outer wall. These crucial insights, published in Langmuir, provide a first step in the effective design of safe nanoparticles for biomedical applications and the practices and procedures for their secure handling in a variety of other consumer products. Fri, 07 Jun 2013 Assessing exposure to pollution in industrial workplaces In industrial settings, employees may be exposed to high concentrations of metals while working indoors. Neutrons give insights into the air quality in the workplace. Mon, 06 May 2013 Small angle neutron scattering study of ancient pottery from Syracuse Small angle neutron scattering SANS has potential as a non-invasive analytical tool in archaeometry, also in conjunction with other, more usual, methodologies. Tue, 30 Apr 2013 Neutrons and X-rays help investigate new materials for gas turbines Since the period that followed World War II, gas turbines have developed to become more efficient, which led to increased gas temperatures inside the turbines. It is estimated that future gas turbines will function at temperatures about 200C higher than today. The materials currently used cannot withstand such high temperatures. For this reason it is necessary to investigate new materials. Tue, 23 Apr 2013 Recent experimental aspects of the structure and dynamics of liquid and supercooled water Liquid water, the most familiar liquid, is still not completely understood, even less so all the processes in which it participates. We describe the present situation of research concerning the so-called anomalies of liquid water at low temperature. Mon, 22 Apr 2013 Mary Rose reveals armour piercing cannonball secret Discoveries about the Mary Rose ship vessel made from experiments performed at the Paul Scherrer Institute PSI, Switzerland will change our understanding of history. Sun, 14 Apr 2013 Neutrons help explain ozone poisoning and links to thousands of premature deaths Researchers used neutrons to investigate how ozone causes severe respiratory problems and thousands of cases of premature death each year by attacking the fatty lining of our lungs. Wed, 10 Apr 2013 Observing Engine Oil beneath Metal In order to observe how oil is distributed inside a clutch, developmental engineers from the Schaeffler-Brand LuK D together with scientists from PSI are working together, illuminating metals with neutrons. Wed, 03 Apr 2013 Continuous Lithium exchange causes battery fatigue Scientists at FRM II in collaboration with the Institute of Applied Materials - Energy Storage Systems IAM-ESS and the Materials Science Department used neutron diffraction to observe an important process that contributes to fatigue in current Li-ion batteries. Wed, 19 Dec 2012 First evidence of Higgs mechanism in a magnet About the British physicist Peter Higgs has been much talk recently. Researchers at the European Nuclear Research Center CERN in Geneva were more likely to prove what he predicted in the 1960s as a Higgs boson. His proposed Higgs mechanism explains how elementary particles get their mass - and also plays a role beyond elementary particle physics. By using neutron scattering experiments, an international research team found the first indication that this mechanism can explain a phase transition of exotic magnetic states in a Yb2Ti2O7 crystal near absolute zero. During the cooling of a so called quantum spin ice state, they observed for the first time evidence of a spontaneous exchange with what Peter Higgs had predicted as a Higgs field in a magnet. The results are published in Nature Communications. Wed, 08 Aug 2012 Researchers find spins acting like real bar magnets in a new material An international team of researchers has discovered an excellent new material for studying the behaviour of spins. The spins in the colourless salt LiErF4 behave like real bar magnets. They also managed to switch on and off the magnetic properties of the material using quantum mechanics. Thu, 12 Jul 2012 Distribution of soot particles in particulate filters of diesel vehicles seen for the first time Nowadays all diesel motor vehicles are fitted with a particulate filter as standard. However it is not known exactly how the soot particles are deposited inside these filters. Now, by Neutron Tomography, researchers at PSI have made the soot inside filters visible, creating a foundation from which these filters can be optimised and developed further. Wed, 11 Jul 2012 Optimized Haemoglobin in Humans and Platypus For a healthy human organism, the ideal body temperature is about 37 degrees Celsius, while for platypus 33C are sufficient. A team of neutron researchers has now discovered how the haemoglobin of various species adapted to different body temperatures during the course of evolution. Thanks to its properties, haemoglobin can optimally transport oxygen from the lungs to the cells at the respective temperature. Tue, 10 Jul 2012 Evidence of deep water penetration in silica during stress corrosion fracture Stress corrosion - combined action of mechanical stress and corrosion by water from the surrounding atmosphere - is often the cause of crack propagation in glasses. A study by neutron reflectivity at the Laboratoire Lon Brillouin IRAMIS LLB of samples of silica glass fractured under an atmosphere of heavy water D2O shows a high penetration of water into the glass. Wed, 30 May 2012 Neutrons uncover new density waves in fermion liquids - a publication in Nature today Scientists working at the Institut Laue-Langevin have carried out the first investigation of two-dimensional fermion liquids using neutron scattering, and discovered a new type of very short wave-length density wave. The team believe their discovery, published today in Nature, will interest researchers looking at electronic systems, since high-temperature superconductivity could result from this type of density fluctuation. Thu, 29 Mar 2012